US: Gewalttaten jüdischer Siedler ist Terrorismus

US State Dep. - Terror list
US State Dep. - Terror list

Das amerikanische Außenministerium veröffentlicht jährlich einen Bericht über terroristische Organisationen und entsprechende Vorkommnisse.

Im Bericht zu 2011 hat es erstmals die Gewalttaten jüdischer Siedler gegen Palästinenser aufgenommen und damit als Terror eingestuft:

Attacks by extremist Israeli settlers against Palestinian residents, property, and places of worship in the West Bank continued. […]

In December, well-publicized Israeli settler attacks on IDF personnel and an IDF military base in the West Bank sparked a public debate in Israel on the phenomena of settler violence; political and security officials pledged to implement several steps to curb and punish these violent attacks.

Israeli Defense Minister Ehud Barak labeled settler acts as having “the characteristic of homegrown terror;” several months earlier, IDF Head of Central Command Avi Mizrahi labeled attacks against Palestinians and their property in the West Bank as “terror” and ordered the administrative deportation of a dozen Israeli settlers from the West Bank settlement of Yitzhar.

In 2011, a total of ten Palestinian mosques in the West Bank and Jerusalem were vandalized or set on fire in attacks that Israeli authorities believed were perpetrated by settlers, up from six such incidents in 2010 and one in 2009.

Wikipedia führt eine Liste der Übergriffe durch Siedler, auch bekannt als “price tag” oder Preisschild-Politik: Jede Aktion gegen die Landnahme der Siedler wird mit einem “Preisschild” versehen, d.h. einer Gewalttat, die sich in der Regel gegen Palästinenser oder in einzelnen Fällen gegen das israelische Militär richtet, wenn es zu Räumungen von kleineren Siedlungen kommt:

List of incidents reported as, or suspected to be, price tag attacks

  • 23 July 2008 -20 settlers attack the Palestinian village of Burin, smashing cars and windows and cutting electricity wires, after the IDF evacuated settlers from a residence-bus in the illegal outpost of Adei Ad.[60]
  • October 2008 – After government attempts to evacuate outposts, settlers unleashed a dog against an Israeli company commander, broke the hand of a deputy battalion commander and punctured the tires of a vehicle of a reserve soldier.[41]
  • 4 December 2008 – After Israeli police evacuated settlers from Beit HaShalom in Hebron, settlers said they would implement a price tag policy, and three Palestinians, including a father and son, were wounded by gunfire, 12 others injured and 15 cars torched.[61] Follow-up incidents in which settlers threw stones at road junctions, fired and vandalized Palestinian property, cut down olive trees, and slashed vehicle tires occurred in at least 12 other locations throughout the West Bank later that day.[62]
  • 1 June 2009 – Settlers blocked the main QalqilyaNablus road near the Qedumim settlement and stoned and assaulted Palestinian drivers trying to remove the debris, injuring 6, after a cell-phone alert had circulated the evening before warning that the Israeli army was about to evacuate the Ramat Gilad outpost, located east of the Qarnei Shomron settlement in the Qalqilya Governorate. Settlers also set fire that day to roughly 1,300 olive trees and 280 dunums of wheat and barley crops belonging residents of Palestinian villages along Road 60 between the Qedumim and Yitzhar settlements. No evacuation was carried out.[41]
  • 20 July 2009 – After a few uninhabited structures in 3 settlement outposts in the Ramallah and Nablus governorates were removed by Israeli authorities, from over 1,000 to 1,500 olive trees belonging villagers from Tell, Madama, Burin, Asira al-Qibliya and Jit were destroyed. Cars were stoned, junctions blocked, two Palestinians motorists were injured, and six vehicles damaged near Nablus in an attack attributed by Palestinians to settlers from Yitzhar.[62][63]
  • 23 July 2009 – Connected to the events 3 days earlier, over 20 armed settlers from an outpost near Yitzhar entered the village of Asira al-Qibliya and hurled stones at the villagers. When the villagers responded with stones, Israeli security forces arrived, fired sound bombs and teargas at them, resulting in the injury of one Palestinian boy.[62]
  • 9 September 2009 – After Israeli forces removed the temporary structures in the outpost of Ramat Haregel in the Hebron Governorate, more than 10 settlers from the Israeli settlement of Susiya, went to the neighbouring Palestinian village of that name, hurled stones and physically assaulted the villagers, resulting in injuries to 15 members of a family, including 10 children. After Israeli forces intervened, the settlers returned to Susiya, none were detained, and the outpost was reconstructed that night.[41]
  • 14 October 2009 – Some 200 olive trees belonging to the village of Al Mughayyir, were felled by settlers from the illegal settler oupost at Adei Ad, near Shvut Rachel.[64]
  • 9 December 2009 – The Hasan Khadr Mosque at the village of Yasuf near Salfit was burnt, with ‘price tag’ slogan written on the wall.[65] In January 2010, several settlers from the Yitzhar settlement were arrested as suspects.[66]
  • April 2010 – Settlers torched three Palestinian vehicles in Huwara near Nablus.[67]
  • 4 May 2010 – Settlers torched the main mosque of the al-Lubban al-Sharqiyya village, its extensive carpets and Korans, south of Nablus.[67]
  • 12 May 2010 – Fundamentalist settlers torched an 11-Dunam olive orchard in al-Rababa valley, in Silwan, destroying 3 300-year old trees in the grove and damaging many others.[67]
  • May 2010 – Settlers from Asfar burned more than 200 trees belonging to Palestinians from the village of Sa’ir, near Hebron.[68]
  • 25 July 2010 – In retaliation for the government’s demolition of two caravans and a goat pen at Givat Ronen, settlers embarked on a price tag mission involving protests, road blocks and an attempt to torch an open field. One villager of Burin was injured in clashes with the settlers, and four settlers were wounded, one seriously.[69][70]
  • 16 August 2010 – 250 olive trees in the villages of Kosra and Jaloud, near Nablus, were uprooted by settlers from Shvut Rachel, according to an official of the PNA.[71]
  • 3 October 2010 – Arsonists, suspected of coming from Gush Etzion, set fire to rugs, defaced a Koran, and scrawled ‘revenge’ on the walls of the mosque of Al Fajjar/Beit Fajar, near Bethlehem.[72][73]
  • 13–14 October 2010 – Two vehicles, owned by a Palestinians were set on fire in Qusra, and branded with a ‘price tag’ slogan, according to B’tselem.[74]
  • 15 October 2010 – A 500-dunam olive grove by the village of Farata was firebombed by settlers from the wildcat Jewish settlement of Havat Gilad[75] as part of a price tag operation. According to eyewitness Rabbi Yehiel Grenimann, who notified authorities as the arson attack got underway, Israeli soldiers prevented fire trucks from entering to put out the blaze for an hour, and local Palestinians asking for their assistance were themselves detained for three hours.[76]
  • 19 October 2010 – Rabbis for Human Rights reported a girls’ school at As-Sawiya was broken into, and a schoolroom burnt.[76]
  • 27 February 2011 – In a price-tag operation against the evacuation of Havat Gilad, settlers threw molotov cocktails at a house in the village of Huwara.[77]
  • 28 February 2011 – Dozens of windshields of Palestinian cars were smashed in Hebron in retaliation for the recent evacuation of Havat Gilad.[78]
  • 4 March 2011 – Settlers from Shvut Rachel damaged roughly 500 olive trees belonging to the village of Sorra, near Nablus, and stoned homes, apparently in reprisal for the dismantling of several mobile homes.[79]
  • 17 March 2011 – 5 to 7 Jewish men, using a metal pipe and tear gas, assaulted two Palestinian labourers renovating a house on the edge of the settlement of Shiloh. A Jewish security guard protecting them was also injured slightly.[80][81]
  • 6 June 2011 – A mosque was defaced and damaged in Al Mughayyir, near Ramallah[82]
  • 25 July 2011 – Settlers torched the farmlands of the village of Sorra, after Israeli soldiers intervened to stop Israeli peace activists from preventing a group of settlers from uprooting trees, according to IMEMC.[83]
  • 5 September 2011 – Settlers torched the mosque of Qusra, south of Nablus.[84]
  • 7 September 2011 – Unknown perpetrators slashed the tires and cut the cables of 12 army vehicles at an IDF base, in retaliation for the demolition of 3 homes at the illegal settlement of Migron.[85]
  • 8 September 2011 – Settler youths made an attempt to deface the mosque of the village of Yatma, near Rechelim and Kfar Tapuach, in the Nablus Governorate in a price tag assault.[86][87]
  • 11 September 2011 – house of a left-wing activist in Jerusalem defaced with graffiti proclaiming “death to the traitors” and “price tag Migron”[88]
  • 25 September 2011 – Roughly 100 olive trees felled in the village of Doma south of Nablus, in a suspected price-tag action.[89]
  • 28 September 2011 – A grove of 45 olive trees uprooted near Hebron, apparently in reprisal for the death of a settler and his son.[90]
  • 3 October 2011 – Burning of a mosque at the Bedouin town Tuba-Zangariyye in the North District of Israel.[91]
  • 5 October 2011 – Settlers Uprooted 200 Olive Tree at Qusra, near Nablus.[92]
  • 7 October 2011 – Two cemeteries – one Christian and one Muslim – in Jaffa desecrated.[93]
  • 11 October 2011 – The Yitzchak Rabin memorial in Tel Aviv was desecrated, when a vandal sprayed the words “price tag” and “release Yigal Amir” on the memorial.[94]
  • 25 October 2011 – 20 trees from an olive grove at Beit Safafa owned by an Arab family of Jerusalem uprooted, with a price-tag sign posted nearby.[95]
  • 30 October 2011 – Vandals torched an Arab restaurant in Jaffa, and, according to a Tel Aviv-Jaffa city council member, the phrases “price tag” and “Kahane was right.” were scrawled on its walls.[96]
  • 7 December 2011 – Arsonists tried to set fire to the mosque of the Palestinian village of Burkina, near the settlement of Ariel, and also torched two Palestinian vehicles, in a suspected ‘price tag’ assault.[97]
  • 13 December 2011 – 50 settlers and right-wing Jewish activists broke into the Efraim Regional Brigade Headquarters near the settlement of Kedumim, damaging military vehicles, torching tires, hurling Molotov cocktails and throwing rocks. An IDF spokesman Brig.-Gen. Yoav Mordechai however refrained from using this term for the incident, noting that IDF Chief of General Staff Lt.-Gen. Benny Gantz hasn’t used it for some time, and said that it needed to be defined correctly.[98][99]
  • 13–14 Dec 2011 – Arsonists torched the Nebi Akasha Mosque in Jerusalem marking the burial site of an Islamic prophet, Akasha bin Mohsin, in a suspected price tag action.[100]
  • 14–15 Dec 2011 – Arsonists defaced and torched the mosque at the Palestinian village of Burqa near Nablus, The slogans “Mitzpe Yitzhar” and “War,” scrawled on the mosque suggest this was a ‘price tag’ retaliation for the dismantlement of the illegal settlement of Mitzpe Yitzhar conducted earlier by the IDF.[101]
  • 18 December 2011 – Hate slogans and the signature ‘price tag’ defaced the walls of the mosque of Bnei Naim, east of Hebron.[102]
  • 5 January, 2012 – In what police described as a ‘price tag’ attack, a Palestinian car-wash Shuafat was set on fire, and a GMC minivan and a truck belonging to Palestinians also incinerated.[103]
  • 11 January, 2012 – A mosque at the West Bank Palestinian village of Dir Istiyya was defaced with graffiti, reading ‘Price tag’ and ‘Gal Arye Yosef’ (an illegal outpost, demolished some days earlier, near Itamar),’ in Hebrew, and three cars nearby were torched. [104]
  • 16 January, 2012 – Mohammad Ghannam, brother of Ramallah’s governor, Leila Ghannam, had his car torched outside Deir Dibwan village near Ramallah in a possible price tag operation.[105]
  • 7 February, 2012 – In Jerusalem, a Jewish-Arab bilingual school, a symbol of coexistence, in which half the students are Jews and half are Arab, and the 11th-century Monastery of the Cross administered by the Greek Orthodox church were defaced with graffiti saying “Death to Arabs”, “Kahane was right” and “Death to Christians” as well as “price tag”. The two incidents, suspected of being ‘price tag’ attacks carried out by Jewish extremists,[106] were later attributed to two Bedouin youths, who confessed to the acts. [107]
  • 20 February, 2012 – Vandals daubed “Death to Christianity”, “Jesus is dead,” and “Mary was a prostitute” [108] on the Jerusalem Baptist Narkis Street Congregation church, and slashed the tires of several cars parked in the compound. The acts were countersigned by price tag graffiti.[109][110]
  • June 8, 2012 – The tires of 14 cars were slashed and graffiti, including ‘death to Arabs,’ ‘revenge’, ‘Kahane was right,’ ‘regards from Havat Gilad,’ Beit El|Ulpana neighbourhood,’ and ‘price tag’, painted over the vehicles of residents of the Jewish-Arab village of Neve Shalom.[111]
  • 19 June, 2012 – The ‘Grand Mosque’ the West Bank village of Jab’a was set alight and sprayed with the graffiti, ‘The war has begun’, and ‘price tag’, apparently in response to the evacuation of the Jewish settlement at Ulpana.[112][113]
  • 1 August, 2012 A Palestinian family in Sinjil, between the settlements of Shiloh and Ma’aleh Levona found plastic containers of benzine under their pickup truck, and a graffiti in Hebrew: “Don’t you touch the lands” written on it.[114]

— Schlesinger

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